When Zeus divided the world among his children, he forgot his son
Helios (the sun-god). Who, as it happens was just busy to make his travel from
East to West. When he returned and saw that really nothing remained for him he
was very sad. His father decided special for this son to create an island. The
island rose from the sea and is since then the protector
of Helios. That's why Rhodos is also called the sun island. Funny
thing to this tale is that Rhodos really raised from sea and that one can see
that on the mountaintops as they are full of very old shells.
In the 11th century bef. Chr. the island had been divided in 3 provinces, namely: Ialysos, Kamiros and Lindos. This is mentioned in the Iliad van Homerus. 9 ships were sent in that time to the Trojan war, probably originating from Lindos. Lindos was a rich province, it was the only natural port of Rhodos and it was a busy centre of commerce. Moreover the Lindiers were masters in building the triremen, a type of warship. In that time Lindos had about 200,000 inhabitants. By experience and then probably necessary the Lindiers made the first sea law, known as the Rhodian law. This law worked sufficient and was as such taken over by the Romans.
In the 6th century v.Ch. the prosperity of Lindos reached a peak
under the regime of Kleoboulos, one of the seven Greek philosophers from
antiquity. He made a gravestone for Midas
van Phrygia and claimed that this stone would exist indefinitely. Kleoboulos
governed more than 40 years over Lindos and is buried there.
In 408 v.Ch. The city Rhodos was built Hippodamos of Milesios, known as the first city architects. He built the city as we can now still see parts of. First of all the ruin of the temple in honor of the godin Athena, the stadium where several sports were played, the theatre which now has been completely restored and the gymnasium where in time a rhetorical school was housed. This school was visited among others by Plato and Bruto.
A very known person from the history of Rhodos was Diagoras. He was
boxer and champion of Rhodos. He was the delegate of Rhodos during the Olympic
games in Olympia in the 79th Olympics, in 464 bef. Ch. The Greeks were so
delighted by this athlete, that they as usual at Olympic champions raised a
statue of him which is still there. And the poet Pindar wrote an ode to
Diagoras in which he indicates his admiration for him.
Afterwards the complete family became a truth legend, because also
his two sons, Damagetos and Akousilaos, won during the 83th Olympics in 448 bef.
That is of course a great performance, but we are not yet finished, also two of his grandsons became champion boxing during the Olympic games. Until now no family has ever equalled a performance like that.
Old town from the time of the crusaders, this street of the knights is to today almost unchanged
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